The czech republic

The Czech Republic is the state we live in, and in which most of us were also born. It is our native country.
The Czech Republic is situated in the centre of Europe and sometimes it is called the heart of Europe. Its population is about 10 million people and covers an area of about 78 000 square km. Our republic has four neighbours. In the north it borders on Poland and in the south on Austria. The shortest border is with Slovakia in the east and the longest with Germany in the west. Our country has three parts: Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.
Surface is hilly. The border is lined by the Šumava Mountains in the Southwest, the Krkonoše in the North and the Hrubý Jeseník and the Moravian-Silesian Beskydes in the Northeast. The highest mountain is Sněžka in Krkonoše.
The longest rivers are the Vltava, the Elbe and the Morava. South Bohemia is rich in ponds - e.g. Rožmberk and there are 2 large lakes and a lot of forests. Bohemia and Moravia are rich in mineral spas – e. g. Karlovy Vary, Mariánské L., Františkovy L., Poděbrady, Luhačovice, Jeseník.
Besides Czech nationalities we can find here various ethnic minorities speak their original languages as the Slovaks, the Roominess, the Poles, the Germans, the Ukrainians and the Russians, the Chinese.
The first president was T. G. Masaryk since 1918. On January the 1st 1993, Czechoslovakia split into two countries - the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic. The currency used in the Czech Republic is the Czech crown. Since 1990 was democratic president Václav Havel. His function finished in January 2003. Present-day the head of state is the President Václav Klaus. 
Main industries are machinery, chemistry, food, textile (Prostějov, Brno), wood, metallurgy, steal industry, iron, car industry (Mladá Boleslav, Plzeň, Kopřivnice). Czech rep. has rich in mineral resources as mining, farming, coal (Ostrava). Main agriculture products are wheat, sugar, fruit, sunflowers, corn and potatoes, cattle-breeding and pig-breeding and fishes.
The capital city is Prague with its population about 1,2 million people. There are a lot of sights – Karl’s Bridge, National theatre and museum, Karl’s university. The largest cities are Brno, Ostrava and Olomouc atc. Among the most beautiful historic towns belong Prague, Kutná Hora, Tábor, Telč, Olomouc, Kroměříž… Also many castles, ruins and church and cathedral can be found in our republic. To the most interesting ones belong Karlštejn, Křivoklát, Bezděz, Hluboká, Zvíkov, Loket, Kuks, Lednice and of course the Prague castle.
Our national anthem is called Kde domov můj? (Where is my home?). Our flag consists of three colours, red, blue and white. The red is at the bottom, the white is at the top and the blue makes a triangle at the left side.

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