My impression of Prague

1) Prague
•    capital and the largest city of Czech republic
•    official name is Capital City of Prague
•    situated on the River Vltava
•    has been the political, cultural and economic center of the Czech state for over 1100 years
•    there live 1.2 million people (+ surrounding 1.9 million people)
•    nicknames: city of a hundred steeples, the golden city

2) History
•    people’s seats were in this place in primeval ages
•    in 6th century there was Samo’s empire
•    at the end of 9th century Prague castle was established by prince Bořivoj I. from Premyslid dynasty (was on throne between 9th – 14th century)
­    residence of president (czech rulers) to today
•    in 10th century the second castle Vyšehrad was established by Vratislav II.
•    in 13th century people united and etabilished Old Town and king Přemysl Otakar II. established New Town on the left bank of the river
•    in 14th century Premyslid dynasty is over and on throne is Luxembourg dynasty (was on throne between 14th – 15th century)
•    Luxembourg dynasty  it means king Charles IV. and the biggest prosperity of Prague
­    he established Charles University (1348), Charles castle, Charles bridge, Charles’s square, New town of Prague and Prague became residence of emperor
•    Jagellon dynasty (was on throne between 15th – 16th century)
•    Habsburg dynasty (was on throne between 16th – 20th century) – there is Rudolf II. – Prague was Reneissance reconstructed, he liked alchemists and science and Prague became residence of emperor again
•    on the 28th October 1918 Prague became capital of Czechoslovakia
•    through 2. world war Prague was bombed
•    on the 1st January 1993 became capital of CZE

3) Sights
•    in Prague we can find sights in Baroque, Renaissance, Cubist, Gothic, Neo-Classicism, Art Nouveau
•    some of the most known sights are:
­    Old Town with its Old Town Square
­    *The Horologe – 1410, 3 parts, legend
­    The Charles Bridge – we know legend about eggs, 30 statues, most of them baroque-style, erected around 1700
­    New Town with its Wenceslas Square – square is named after Saint Wenceslas, there is statue of Saint Wenceslas, it was make by Josef Václav Myslbek
­    Prague Castle (the largest castle in the world) with its St. Vitus Cathedral, Karel IV. put basic stone in 1344 and it was finished 1929, architects were Matyáš z Arrasu after that Peret Parléř, there are intombed Czech kings and there are crown jewels too
­    Josefov (the old Jewish quarter) with Old Jewish Cemetery and  Synagogue – the oldest Europe active synagogue
­    National Museum – the main museum building is located on Wenceslas Square and it was built in neo-renaissance by architect Josef Schulz
­    Vyšehrad castle with its *Vyšehrad cemetery – in 13th century, in 19th century place for Czech personalities, Slavín
­    Petřín Tower – an observation tower on Petřín hill, which resembles the Eiffel Tower
­    *Krizik’s fountain – in Výstaviště, in the end of 19th century, František K., on the occasion of anniversary industrial exhibition

4) Travelling, culture
•    airport – Ruzyně
•    Prague Railways station
•    bus, tram, underground it is public transport       
­    advantage: fast, cheap, underground without traffic jams and tram and underground are ecological, disadvantage: bus isn’t ecological, it leaves in definite = určitý time and it stops at bus stop
•    there are a lots of cultures: Russian, Germany, English, Japanese, Polish, French

5) My impression of Prague
1st day
•    at 3 am – woke up
•    at 4.02 am we left railway station in Suhdol (was sleeping in train, played cards, listened music, read magazines)
•    arrived in Prague at 8 am
•    put up at Klamovka in pink house (were in cellar, but nice, boys – pink, girls – green, there were 2 bathrooms, kitchen)
•    went to Vyšehrad (went around sweetshop, bought the best friedcake – very big, with caramel)
•    Vyšehrad cemetery
•    we went shopping to Flóra with Verča, Krista (germeny group) and Soňa, there we had a lunch and I have bought jumper, T-shirt
•    at the evening we wanted to watch Krizik’s fountain – nobody was here

2nd day
•    at 7 am – woke up
•    we visited National Theatre
•    Body exhibition – great (have taught brain, liver, lungs), ham (Albert)
•    we have gone shopping to Flóra again, but me and Soňa we went to cinema IMAX (3D, Safari)
•    at the evening we went to National Theatre again to Smatena’s Kiss (horrible, happy  I am learning English, because without English subtitles I understood nothing)

3tr day
•    at 7 am – woke up
•    packed and went to St. Vitus Cathedral (horrible, 2 hours) around Horologe, through Charles bridge
•    we have had a lunch in restaurant
•    at 3.30 pm we left railway station in Prague
•    arrived in Nový Jičín at 8 pm

Krizik’s Fountain
•    at the end of 19. century František Křižík built Krizik’s Fountain on the occasion of anniversary industrial exhibition (where they exposed electric, modern and industrial news)
•    100 years later (at the end of 20. century) it was rebuilt
•    some numbers:
­    3000 nozzles
­    1250 water lights with a lot of colours
­    2 km pipes
•    computer has control over program,
•    program it means light, water and music
•    it can be only music (music of classical or modern authors) or music and dance together – dance it mean mostly ballet
•    program can watch 6000 people

•    it’s on south wall of Old-Town Town Hall (staroměstká radnice)
•    build in 1410
•    there are 3 parts:
1.    astronomical part
2.    calendar
3.    figures

1.    astronomical part
­    there is location sun and month, moon period (growing, full moon, leaving)
­    clock face show old czech time too
­    zodiac – star sky, zodiac turns around one of day
2.    calendar
­    at the end of 19. century – there is new calendar – author is Mánes
­    there are pictures of all 12 month, on picture there are work in village
­    it’s around calendar, not hand
3.    figures
­    every hour in 2 windows appear 12 apostles – sv. Petr, Matěj, Jan , Ondřej (kříž ve tvaru X), Filip, Jakub, sv. Pavel, sv. Tomáš, sv. Šimon, sv. Tadeáš, sv. Bartoloměj a sv. Barnabáš

Master Hanuš built Horologe and councilmen were afrait he can built it for the other town. At the evening they have come and blinded him. He knew it was their plan and he has gone inside Horologe and he has taken hand inside to machine and stopped it for 100 years.

Vyšehrad’s burial-place
•    at church st. Peter and Paul on Vyšehrad
•    it was built in 13th century and in 19th century it happened burial-place Czech personalities
•    the most famous common crypt – Slavín (there are f.e. Myslbek, Zeyer, Sládek, Vrchliclý, Hynais)
•    composers: f.e. Smetana, Dvořák
•    singer: Destinová
•    writers: Čapek, Neruda, Němcová
•    actor: Burian
•    scientist: Křižík etc.

Žádné komentáře: