London is the capital of England. It is the 9th largest city in the world – its population is about 10 million. London is situated on the river Thames in south-east England. It was founded as a Roman settlement. The great fire in 1666 destroyed almost all the city.
    There are many places of interest. We can see them by walking or by various means of transport. London is famous for its red busses called double-deckers. For fast transport we can go by the Underground. It is the oldest underground in the world. There are also 3 airports in London. The most important are Heathrow and Gatwick.
    The House of Parliament were built in gothic style but are only about one hundred years old. There is also a famous clock tower with Big Ben and its characteristic bell ringing.
    Whitehall is the street where the government offices are. Horse Guards Parade takes place here.
    Downing Street 10 is the official home of British Prime Ministers since 1731.
    Westminster Abbey was founded in the 11th century. Britain’s Kings and Queens are crowned here. England’s greatest poets are buried here in the Poet’s Corner.
    St. Paul’s Cathedral is one of the largest cathedrals in the world. It stands in the City. During the World War II it was badly destroyed by bombs. In 1981 Prince of Wales (Charles) and Lady Diana were married here.
    The City is the oldest part of London around St. Paul. There are many banks and offices here.
    The Tower was built in the 11th century. It can open in the middle and let large ships go through.
    Trafalgar Square was named after Admiral Nelson’s victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
    The National Gallery is in Trafalgar Square.
    The British Museum is the largest museum in the world. It houses the biggest collection of all kinds of animals and minerals and rocks.
    Buckingham Palace is the Queen’s residence (in London since the Queen Victoria’s reign).
    The most famous shopping centres in London are in Piccadilly Circus, Regent Street and Oxford Street.
    There are many parks in London, e. g. St. James’s Park, Green Park, Regent’s Park. The largest of them is Hyde Park. It is also known for its Speaker’s Corner where anybody can have a speech The Post Office Tower is the tallest building in Great Britain. It is nearly 190 m high.

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